Societal Analysis

Decentralised Business Units - Jan 2023

Our society, our country, the whole world, is in a very dangerous (Apāyaṁ) state. Everything is indecent (Asangyaṁ). The situation is terrible (Bhayaṅkaraṁ). The vital question (Kīlakamaina praśna) we must all ask ourselves is:

Do you want Centralised Solutions?

Or do you want Decentralised Solutions?

Centralised solutions are given by powerful people who say they know everything.

Decentralised solutions depend on your experiential learning (Anubhava-pūrvakamaina abhyāsaṁ) and will be different for each group, each village, each person.

Centralized Solution will allow only one Religion, one Style of Worship, one Culture, only Food, one type of Clothes, one Language, one Thinking, one Opinion. For everyone. Everywhere.

Decentralised enterprises can serve the neighbourhood in an environmentally sustainable and commercially viable manner. Everyone will have an opportunity to enterprise.

After 2 years of COVID-19 lockdown was over, I saw big showrooms and shops in the towns. Poultry farms and flower gardens in some villages. These businesses were started when we were all locked up in our homes.

I knew that these big businesses were not financed by the so-called owners (Yajamānulu). They have borrowed from banks and finance companies. So, while we were all locked up, without any money, and not allowed to come out even for vital activities, a few people were building new businesses and getting big finance.

I wanted you to enter into equally big businesses. You have a capacity that they do not have. They have to do everything alone, trusting not even their brothers and sisters. But in the past 45 years you have shown that hundreds of you, thousands of you can get together and carry out joint actions.

  • DLDP
  • CCF
  • Biogas
  • Farm Forestry

Even in social matters.
సామాజిక విషయాల్లో కూడా.

  • One rich woman (Reddisani) vs thousands of girls and women through your Mahila Meetings.
  • Children's schooling
  • Untouchability

I told you that we will support you to start big businesses.

For the past 6 months you have been searching for big businesses you can run in your villages. Businesses that can have clients from 5-10 kms around your village. You found out if there was a demand for pure drinking water in your surrounding villages. You went to every single farmer and asked them what they were growing and how they could improve their yield.

Now you are ready to set up the first Decentralised Business Unit (Vikēndrīkr̥ta sanstha) in Julapalya village. In this Gram Panchayat there are dry crops and wet crops because there is a lot of groundwater. You can set up a Sorting & Grading unit and also a Refrigerated Storage unit, both run by a Solar plant.

Now there are 2 big challenges (Savāḷlu) before us.

  1. I have to find the money.
  2. You have to take ownership (Yājamān'yānni tīsukōvāli).

The first challenge is very big. I had promised ₹ 1 crore for each Decentralised Business (Vikēndrīkr̥ta sanstha). Now you need ₹ 2.5 crore.

Land and Sheds₹ 1.23 crore
Machinery₹ 1.01 crore
Labour₹ 21 lakh
Total₹ 2.45 crore

Ownership (Yājamān'yaṁ) is not the same as responsibility (Bādhyatatō Samānaṁ Kādu). I know that if the tasks (Panulu) are taught to you, you will take responsibility. If you are taught skills (Naipuṇyālu), you will do a good job. But ownership (Yājamān'yaṁ) is a mindset (Manastatvaṁ).

Not everyone wants to enterprise (Sanstha) or do business. Not everyone wants to enterprise (Sanstha). Not everyone wants to run a business.

Many people say, "You can run a business. Give me a job and salary (udyōgaṁ, jītaṁ) in your business." This is perfectly normal in capitalist economy (Peṭṭubaḍidārī ārthika vyavasthalō cālā sādhāraṇaṁ). A few people will enterprise and the remaining people work under them.

Our approach (Vidhānaṁ) is totally different (Pūrtigā Bhinnamainadi). Here, hundreds of you, thousands of you have to together run a business. And only a handful (Kondarikē) will get jobs and salaries.

In that case (Alāṇṭappuḍu), what is in it for all of you (ēṁ Lābhaṁ)? For the majority the aim (Lakṣyaṁ is to get profits in a different way (Vērē Mārganlō Lābhālu Rāvaḍamē).

I found the answer by watching you. You came out of serfdom (Bānisatvaṁ). You said that you will not do only your caste ordained work (Kulaṁ nirdēśin̄cina udyōgālu). You have said that you will not be slaves and servants (Bānisalu sēvakulu) of the man who tied a tali around your necks.

Small groups started to do businesses. Selling flowers, eatables, etc. Some others started collectively selling sheep and goats. In a single generation (Okē taranlō) you have changed from bonded labourers to Ryots. You borrowed from Stree Shakthi, from CCF, from relatives. These days some of you come to Mario Sir and take from your Sangha Funds.

In your faces, in your eyes, in your talk, (Nī mukhāllō, nī kaḷlalō, nī māṭallō) I see that you count Profit in a totally different manner (pūrtigā bhinnamaina pad'dhatilō lekkin̄caḍaṁ). The profit is to become Owners (Yajamānulu). Of course, Profit is money. But for you, it is much more. It is pride, freedom, dignity (Ahaṅkāraṁ, svēccha, gauravaṁ).

In capitalism (Peṭṭubaḍidārī vidhānanlō), Profit is a product of selfishness and greed (Lābhaṁ anēdi Svārthaṁ mariyu Durāśato). It is counted only in money (ḍabbulō mātramē Lekkin̄cāru). That is how (Alagē) capitalism works. Capitalism depends on a few (Kontamandi) individuals enterprising. Because selfishness and greed (Svārthaṁ mariyu Atyāśanu) can be shown only by individuals.

Individual selfishness and greed (Svārthaṁ mariyu Atyāśanu) are capitalism's Engine. Without this Engine of selfishness and greed (Svārthaṁ, Durāśalu), capitalism will not run. It will come to a stop.

When profit is counted in this manner (Ī pad'dhatilō lābhānni lekkin̄cin-appuḍu), capitalism will serve on the Rich and Middle Class. Because they can pay for costly goods and services. Why to make cheap goods for filthy people (Muriki prajalu)? Other needs of other people will be ignored (Itara vyaktula itara avasarālu Kanipin̄cadu)

But in our model, there are hundreds and thousands of owners (Yajamānulu). If they all show selfishness and greed (Svārthaṁ, Durāśalu), that is end of Unity (Aikyataku antaṁ). It is the end of the enterprise (Sanstha Mugimpu).

That is why every single "owner" must agree on the economic philosophy (ārthika Tatva-śāstram) behind the enterprise. Every single "Owner" (Yajamāni) must believe (nam'māli) that this is the only way forward. That centralised capitalism which is based only on selfish, greedy profits will not work in future. Kēvalaṁ svārtha, atyāśatō kūḍina lābhāla-pai ādhāra-paḍina kēndrīkr̥ta peṭṭubaḍidārī vidhānaṁ bhaviṣyattulō pani-cēyadu. There is a limit to how much nature can be exploited (prakr̥tini enta dōpiḍi) only for profits. Only decentralised enterprises (Vikēndrīkr̥ta sansthalu) can serve the neighbourhood (Porugu Prāntālaku) in the long run.

Ordinary farmers have needs. They want better prices for their produce. They have invested so much in irrigation. But these needs are not met. They sell their produce to Traders who can use the big cold storage in Hindupur. Decentralised enterprises (Vikēndrīkr̥ta sansthalu) can serve the neighbourhood (Porugu Prāntālaku).

Ordinary people want ordinary snacks and chips for their children. They cannot afford Lays. Decentralised enterprises (Vikēndrīkr̥ta sansthalu) can serve the neighbourhood (Porugu Prāntālaku).

Central solutions (Kēndra pariṣkārālu) given by strong leader as common solutions for everyone, everywhere, do not work. They say that a few people will develop big businesses and the whole of society will grow. They will provide employment to thousands of people. They will pay taxes and the government will have more to spend on everyone. This is not true. It is a lie. Those few big businesses did not pay tax. They only increased their own profits without limits (Dikku lēka).

  • 1% of the population own 40% of all wealth.
  • Top 10% paid only 4% of the total GST collection.
  • Bottom 50%, all of you, paid 64% of GST collected in the past 6 years.

There are two different types of economies (ārthika vyavasthalu).

  • On one side, means of production (Utpatti sādhanālu) owned and controlled by very few people
  • On the other hand, everyone has an opportunity to enterprise (Prati okkariki sanstha avakāśaṁ).

I announced that we will get capital (bandavālaṁ) and technical know-how to collectively set up a Decentralised Business Unit (Vikēndrīkr̥ta Sansthalu). In my paper to your Balakendra Teachers, I explained this great detail. I elaborated the economic philosophy (Ārthika tatva-śāstraṁ) behind the concept of decentralised, community owned and managed service provision, over the long haul, in an environmentally sustainable (Paryāvaraṇa-paraṅgā sthiramaina) and commercially viable (Vāṇijya-paraṅgā lābha-sāṭi) manner.

I explained that you have to move on to the 4th stage in the employment of their social capital.

  1. First stage was when they used social capital to gain a hitherto denied recognition as Humans and obtain a fellow citizen status in village society.
    Fiction (Kādambari) was replaced with Truth (Vāsthavam); Mythology (Purāṇaśāstraṁ) with Democracy (Prajāsvāmyaṁ).
  2. Second stage was when they obtained their collective Rights and Entitlements through disciplined and relentless struggle.
    Everyone was given an opportunity to enterprise (prati okkariki sanstha avakāśaṁ).
  3. Third stage was when individuals, supported by strong communities, got out from feudalism started to enter into emerging market economies.
    This is how you came out of a horrible curse (Śāpaṁ) of Feudalism and got your freedoms.
  4. Fourth stage is to now jointly take up serious businesses at scale, providing goods and services to the surrounding population (Porugu Prāntālaku).
    Individual entrepreneurs from the upper caste-class can go it alone, with their own capital, know-how and resources.
    The rural poor need to venture collectively, with the support of enlightened business leaders with a futuristic mindset, accompanied by a critical intelligentsia.

In the beginning, Capitalism was positive. It gave salvation (Mōkṣaṁ). It liberated you (Nīku vimukti labhin̄cindi) from feudalism. When Capitalism grew, machines, computers and automation came. They said they would develop big businesses and feed the whole of society. They would pay taxes and the government will spend on everyone. But these humungous (Viparītamaina) businesses could not provide employment and income for all the people.

Capitalism morphed into Feudalism.
Capitalism was no more the solution for everyone.
Satisfying the population is no longer the job of the economy.

You have to reverse this through your Decentralised Business Units (Vikēndrīkr̥ta sansthalu). You have to turn this on its head (ṭala kinda tippaṇḍi). You have to show that serving the people around you (Mī cuṭṭū unna vyaktulu) is the main job of the economy (Ārthika vyavastha).

Rich Capitalists (Dhanika Peṭṭubaḍidārulu) say that for the sake of efficiency and productivity (Sāmarthyaṁ mariyu Utpādakata) this had to happen. There was no choice. Technology will develop. This was the only way that wealth could grow.

Rich Capitalist (Dhanika Peṭṭubaḍidārulu) say it does not matter if people had no jobs or salaries. As long as they get food to eat, a roof over their heads, and entertainment (Vinōdaṁ) they will be satisfied. They will pray to the gods, sing bhajans, pursue sports, and undertake cultural activities (Kala mariyu Sānskr̥tika kāryakramālu). This is the most Evil thing I have heard in my life! (Idi nā jīvitanlō nēnu vinna atyanta durmārgapu viṣayaṁ!)

Now some people are openly saying that your day to day needs (Mī rōjuvārī avasarālanu tīrcaḍaṁ) are not important.

Do not let this distraction (Paradhyānaṁ) will work. Do not let this diversion (Maḷlimpu) work. Young people will not be satisfied without jobs that give identity, pride and self-respect. Jobs do not give only salary and income.

A few big businesses took full control of the government to not only protect, but also increase their own wealth.

  • The Government started to divert your attention
    (Mī dr̥ṣṭini maḷlin̄caḍaṁ prārambhin̄cindi).
    They took society back to that first type of Belief System (Samājanlō nam'maka vyavastha) – Fiction (Kādambari) and Mythology (Purāṇaśāstraṁ).
  • The Economy quickly changed back to the first type where very few people produced.

They said they will bring back the golden days when the rich produced for everyone. And the people can pray to the gods, sing bhajans, pursue sports, and undertake cultural activities.

The Belief System in society (Samājanlō nam'maka vyavastha) in closely connected to Economics Economy decides how you meet your day to day needs (Mī rōjuvārī avasarālanu tīrcaḍaṁ). They cannot be separated (Vāṭini vērugā arthaṁ cēsukō-lēmu).

I spoke about your potential (mī Sāmarthyaṁ). How only you can bring Morality and Values (Naitikata mariyu Viluvalu) into society.

  • Morality is the Equality of people, Belief, Faith, Courage (Prajala Madhya Samānatvaṁ, Nam'makaṁ, Okarin-okaru Viśvāsaṁ, Dhairyaṁ).
  • Courage (Dhairyaṁ) can only be given by those around you (Mī cuṭṭū unna-vāru). Not by laws, rules, government or police. This is what I mean by Social Capital.

The problem can be solved only when, once again, everyone gets an equal opportunity to enterprise. The handful of capitalists must be controlled. There are laws and rules to do this. There are means to support everyone to enterprise. The new route that Capitalism is taking must be stopped. This evil attitude (atyanta durmārgapu) must be removed (Tolagin̄cāli).

This can happen only when people are united. Only the Poor can unite village society, the whole country, and take it forward. This broken society can be repaired only by the Poor.

The Coolie Sangha principles (Sūtrālu) that I have taught you for 45 years are sacrosanct (Pavitramainavi). Little by little (Koddikoddigā), I have taught you to build up your social capital. I knew that you have a special role (Pratyēka Pātra) to play in society.

I said I admire the really powerful people (śaktivantamaina vyaktuluto Nēnu ārādhistānu). I said that only the Poor can unite (Ēkaṁ cēyaḍāniki) village society, the whole country, and take it forward. This broken society (Vicchinnamaina samājaṁ) can be repaired only by the Poor. I said that only the Poor can take society forward on a lasting path (Śāśvatamaina mārgaṁ).